Ontario Level Flotation Law for Canoes and Kayaks
All modern countries have a Level Flotation Law for small boats under 20 feet long.
If you type "Level Flotation Standard" into Google, you will find within the Office of Boating Safety, Transport Canada website: "44. While floating in calm, clear water, the boat shall not list more than 30° with the weight redistributed."
You will eventually find the same law in Australia and the United States,
USCG Level Flotation Standard 33 CFR 183. Issued April 18, 1977; Effective August 1, 1978 "Establishes level flotation standards on rowboats and outboard boats less than 20 feet in length, the boats most often involved in swamping and capsizing accidents, so that the boat will float level when swamped and provide a safe platform until rescue."
This is what the Level Flotation Law looks like for canoes. The CO2 powered Airbags sponsons inflate in seconds, like airbags in cars.
Notice that one airbag (sponson) is higher than the other. This is to demonstrate total flooding. If it were set lower, the same as the other sponson or "air bag", most of the water would pour out just by leaning on one Airbag sponson. Also the two girls, 7 and 10 years of age, would normally be sitting on the seats.
However, even standing up they can paddle the canoe that weighs over one ton at a speed of 2 knots. They can also turn and pick up any victims in the water. Even large and disabled adults can be rescued from the water easily, since victims only have to make it over the low gunwale to be in the canoe, so that they can be paddled to shore at 2 knots.
This same principle of Level Flotation created the Australian Lifeguards' rescue paddleboards decades ago. The Australian paddleboards however, have much less stability to get victims out of the water, since there is no water ballast to make the canoe so low and heavy in the water, for maximum stabilty. This principle also applies to kayaks. See below.
Ontario is the World Leader in Canoe and Kayak Deaths
In 2004, nearly half of Canada's 26 canoe and kayak deaths were in Ontario (12).
Twelve (12) boys from St. John's School, Ontario died in Lake Temiskaming in 1978, shortly after the Level Flotation Law for all small boats in Canada was passed excluding canoes and kayaks.
The only boys who survived swam to shore immediately in their PFDs. The boys who died tried the "canoe rescues" for which they had years of training, but only capsized more canoes. Reasonable people predicted this many years before, as you can imagine. Dragging a capsized canoe out of the water, over the gunwales of an uncapsized canoe to empty the water, then returning it to the water upright, getting the victims back in, as well as the heavy packs, is a recipe for disaster. No wonder more people capsized trying such a blatantly risky action.
The famous Canadian canoeist Bill Mason reversed his traditional rescue ideas after this tragedy, stating that these rescues simply cannot work, in his last book: "canoe over canoe...I have since changed my mind..." (Song of the Paddle,1988, p.126). A conclusion C.E.S. Franks reached before Temiskaming, in The Canoe and White Water, University of Toronto Press, 1977, p.123: "...nearly useless...On a stormy lake where upsets are likely to occur, the water is often too rough and choppy."
Bill Mason recommended flotation instead, pointing out that the heavy canoe packs are actually buoyant and should not be removed. See the pictures in his book. Unfortunately the late Bill Mason, famous for his integrity and safety stance against the industry propaganda, died young of stomach cancer. And the Canadian canoe and kayak industry has ignored his ethical approach to safety, and C.E.S. Franks. And the families of over 1000 dead Canadians, including 200 dead children since Temiskaming have been denied their basic civil rights. The airbags sponson concept arrived in 1978:
The dog and the kids are out of the deadly water where the rate of body heat loss is 25 times the rate of heat loss in air. And they can paddle fully flooded to shore.
"About two-thirds of 1998 recreational powerboating (74%) and canoeing (61%) victims were not wearing a PFD when their fatal incident occurred, which usually involved capsizing, swamping or falling overboard." National Drowning Report 2000, Lifesaving Society Canada.
For many years over 39% of the dead Canadians in canoes (and kayaks) have worn PFDs! The dead kids at camps, on school trips, and the 2 Ontario Girl Guides. Compare Safety Statistics at US Coast Guard website, Office of Boating Safety: In 2003 (download from their site), 33-35% of all US canoe and kayak drowning victims were wearing PFDs! This is over several years of USCG statistics. This is a consistent statistic in the US as you can see, down-loading canoe and kayak drowning deaths for previous years from the USCG. Canada has over 3 times the US death rate, considering that canoes and kayaks are paddled year round in the US, the greater population in the US, and generally colder water in Canada. (There are other factors such as the recommendations in ORCA/CRCA school board canoeing programs in Ontario, Nova Scotia and Manitoba that students not wear PFDs at all times! (These organizations want to scam even more instruction dollars, teaching students to put a PFD on in the water, although this is virtually impossible in emergencies, and will not get them out of the water. They are also told that they can paddle a loaded canoe to shore, a shameful lie, (without beam airbag buoyancy.) The outrageous quality of these deadly schoolboard programs must be read, to be believed:
District School Board Operational Policy
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
... the following skills: ? Proper entry/exit from a canoe ? Self rescues into dry
or swamped canoes ? Canoe over canoe rescue procedures ? Synchronized ...
www.haltondsb.on.ca/temp/ Canoe%20Guidelines%202.doc%203.pdf - Similar
Wearing a PFD is not enough. They must get out of the water! Two-second-inflation CO2 Airbag sponsons cost $25 in economies of scale, added to the cost of every canoe at the factory and concealed within the gunwales of canoes and kayaks, like air bags in cars.
These same Airbag sponsons can be purchased retail for less than the cost of Coast Guard approved CO2 PFDs ($100-$130), since Sponsons are made identically to inflatable PFDs but are simpler: Air bladder, Halkey-Roberts CO2 inflator, backup Halkey-Roberts oral inflator, a container that is bolted to existing canoes and kayaks in a couple of minutes. You need 2 sponsons to transform any canoe or kayak into the superior rescue craft that can pluck numerous victims out of the water. (See Canadian patent #2 368 131)
Some Coast Guard Search and Rescue Patrols are now adapting the 1987 Airbag sponsons to transform short, 10 foot, $500 "recreational kayaks" into rescue vessels for hazardous shoreline rescues. If a wind rises suddenly on an ocean whale-watching paddle (as in the old seafaring saying "If you don't like the weather, wait 15 minutes"), kayaks do capsize. Helicopters have problems near windy, rocky cliffs even if Canada owned enough. Rescue divers are at risk among the rocks reaching victims. And Big, Fast, Zodiac Rescue Powerboats will get swept on the rocks too.
So Canadian Search and Rescue Professionals intend to launch airbag sponsoned kayaks from the big Zodiacs to paddle among the rocks fully flooded, attach the victims to fore and aft decks, and paddle back to the Zodiac for treatment of hypothermia, shock, etc. The Canadian Search and Rescue Professionals in the Canadian Coast Guard are the most advanced in the World. (Note: sprayskirts on large kayak cockpits can't keep large waves out, constitute a severe entrapment risk, and kayaks can't be pumped out in these conditions anyway. Besides, the water inside the kayak coupled with airbags sponsons operates as neutral buoyancy ballast to increase stability. The lower the flooded kayak is in the water, the less affected by wind and breaking seas. And the easier to attach a victim to the deck before paddling to safety.)
The US Military Special Forces, 10th Airborne, Fort Devens, Massachusetts, evaluated airbag sponsons for military kayaks involving the Military Kayak Teams of 12 NATO countries. These soldiers know how to stay alive, like the Search and Rescue folks too:
"basic, no nonsense...dramatically increase...safety and...capabilities... It should be noted that within the North American civilian sea kayak industry there is some controversy...Sea Wings' direct competition with...the paddle float...the merits of Sea Wings...far outweigh those of the paddlefloat...During the IMKP 1994 we used Sea Wings with all our rescue boats as back-up flotation/stability for awashed kayaks needing assistance pumping out in heavy seas. In addition, IMKP's rescue kayak was fitted with Sea Wings on a permanent basis which allowed us to be far more stable in possible rescue operations...Sea Wings dramatically increase re-entry operations with capsized boats. Indeed, even with heavily loaded boats (those approaching 1000 lbs.) most paddlers can easily re-enter the kayak. However the most notable advantage of Sea Wings is with lightly loaded boats; ie, those kayaks which are far less stable (more tippy) than fully loaded boats. Recovery operations are far more difficult in these boats and most students have extreme difficulty in mastering the necessary techniques. This is compounded in heavy seas. Sea Wings offers an almost guaranteed method of re-entering a lightly loaded kayak even in heavy seas. Stability increase in heavy seas. Paddling in extremely heavy seas is difficult. Sea Wings offer the crews an additional method of dealing with such sea states. One of the most dangerous situations a detachment can find itself in is that of towing a disabled crew with full operational loads in heavy seas at night. The employment of Sea Wings dramatically increases the safety margin. In my opinion, this is one of the sponsons' most important contributions to MAROPS... As an historical footnote it should be noted that circumpolar kayakers (Greenlanders and Inuit) employed a similar sponson/ float for stability. It differed significantly though from Sea Wings in that it was free floating; i.e., there was apparently no harness system and stability came from pushing down on the float on the side of the kayak. In addition, during the late 70's and early 80's we employed a similar system with our commo boats. Waterproof bags were blown up and hand held to the sides of the kayak while communication was conducted. The point here is that the idea of some sort of support on the sides of the kayak for stability is very old and universal."
Invitational Military Kayak Paddle 1994 Evaluation
Below are some pictures of a cheap, 13 foot kids' camp kayak, 24 inches wide. It is fully flooded, with no sprayskirt as you see in both pictures. My friend Jack does not use his paddle as a brace to stay upright. He is swept sideways in the large breaking wave, at high velocity for a hundred feet. Essentially what you see is a flooded airbag sponsoned kayak "surfing sideways" like a very short but much wider surf board. The Canadian Search and Rescue "Human Rescue" Kayaks are even better in dangerous waves because they are 3 feet shorter and several inches wider to begin with, for much greater stability, manuveurability and surfing performance in especially rough seas.
It is a pleasure to speak with Canadian Coast Guard Search and Rescue Professionals who possess such astute understanding of hydrodynamics. It is rewarding to see canoes and kayaks used as superior rescue craft in Canada before anywhere else in the World, instead of just seeing canoes and kayaks as "another accident waiting to happen."
See how low in the water this kayak actually becomes below. In the picture above the kayak is only partly filled before the big wave engulfs the "sideways surfer", leaving the kayak flooded to the coaming.
Canadian Government Scandal
Incidentally, all of this knowledge was part of the Canadian Coast Guard Airbag Sponson Study, conducted by a dutiful Canadian Coast Guard Search and Rescue Officer, August, 1994, Victoria, B.C. This study was covered up by corrupt members of the CCG Office of Boating Safety to enrich the canoe and kayak instructors lobby. I have alerted the RCMP recently, and A. Anne McLellan over a year ago. One tragic death in a Canadian Submarine since 1950 is being carefully investigated while 25-40 Canadians needlessly die in canoes and kayaks every year! Check this canoe with the smaller, long, 1987 orally-inflated (6-puff) sponsons:
or, a few photo shots earlier:
The CO2 Airbag Sponsons afford over twice the buoyancy leverage of these 1987 airbags sponsons above, with much less drag, paddling to shore. Most importantly, like any true safety device, they just work by pulling the inflation cord. No training needed.
Any Canoe and Kayak Rescues that require "Practice", are not to be entrusted with Human Life, they must just work, fool-proof and reliably; like PFDs, Life Rafts, Seat Belts, Helmets, etc.
Note that these tiny kids can overcome the enertia of over 1 Ton of
Flooded canoe, to be underway within a minute, to rescue adults weighing
well over 200 lbs. each! This phenomenon is rather obvious to any educated
or experienced person. Not rocket science. The tremendous water-ballast
stability of the CO2 canoe makes it virtually unaffected by even 3 foot
waves. This again is obvious science. The Canadian Coast Guard Search and
Rescue staff know this. Any intelligent naval architect knows this. Most
people can understand this.
The Transportation Safety Board of Canada Report Number M93W0008 still exists:
"2.8 Emergency and Safety Equipment: The side sponsons and/or paddle
floats were not inflated and installed ahead of time to assist the kayaker
to reboard after a possible capsizing or to increase the stability of the
kayaks. Consequently, when the kayakers entered an area of rough seas,
they had to keep paddling to keep their kayaks upright. Each kayak was
equipped with these floats. The secondary use of the sponsons, i.e. to
increase the stability of the kayaks, was not foreseen before the kayaks
encountered severe weather."
One Life Saved
"I am Austin Davis. My life was saved by your floats. [See article in Sea kayaker Dec 97] There was no way in my situation that any other means of recovery would have saved me or allowed me to get home upright in my hypothermic condition. Your opinion about the rolls and paddle floats mirror my real life experience. Thanks for the gear that saved my life. I hope the article in sea kayaker helps your cause."
Austin was sailing a 26 foot sailboat that suddenly sank about ten miles off the coast of Texas. He was using a sea kayak with sponsons as a tender to his sailboat, deploying sponsons when he needed more stability to paddle supplies to the mothership.
Suddenly, after his sailboat sank, he was floating in heavy, breaking seas at night with only the kayak nearby. He was able to clip on and inflate the sponsons (that were secured to the cockpit) and fortunately he had tied a paddle to the kayak. So without a pump or sprayskirt (these items are impossible to use in these conditions anyway), he was able to paddle the flooded kayak about ten miles in heavy seas, at night, to shore.
He bought his sponsons in 1994. Very few sponsons are sold every year. Only a few hundred pairs. One wonders how many other lives could have been saved if the public were not deliberately lied to.
The major authors said this and much more regarding the 1987 sponsons:
"A Major Development in Kayak Safety", Anorak, Spring 1993, p.7
"Sponsons Deliver Safety", Wavelength, Jan/Feb. 1993, p.5
"It's simple, sponsons work, the paddlefloat doesn't." Nigel Foster, Coach, British Canoe Union
"Worked well in heavy winds off Welsh Coast." J.J. Ramwell, Sea Touring
"Safety is a Hard Sell", Atlantic Coastal Kayaker, September 1992, p.22"
Sea Kayaker Magazine, Winter 1993, p.34, "Sea Wings to the Rescue":
"So when Sea Kayaker gave me the opportunity to put Tim's product to the
test, some friends and I put them to work in conditions ranging from the
calm waters of a lake to three-foot following seas. We even tried them
in turbulent water just beyond the surf zone on the barrier island between
Jamaica Bay and the Atlantic Ocean...Once you have the Sea Wings fitted
and adjusted, its advantages over a paddle float become clear. To use a
paddle float, a certain amount of instruction and practice is needed. But
with Sea Wings, I simply told my volunteer how to snap the four buckles,
inflate the sponsons, and climb back aboard. After forcing a capsize, he
followed my directions and was back in his kayak without any problems.
Even my larger, less-agile friends were able to crawl into their boats
without much struggle, whereas climbing aboard with a paddle float, even
in calm conditions, is not something everyone, particularly the sick and
injured, has the agility or strength to accomplish. We had one friend pretend
to be unconscious. While getting him back in his boat was a bit of a struggle,
towing him was surprisingly simple. The drag was noticeable, but even though
it was partially filled with water, the kayak remained remarkably stable.
The stability they impart to a kayak after reentry is Sea Wings' greatest strength. How often have you seen people using a paddle float complete a successful reentry only to capsize again (easy to do with a boat filled with water) while trying to free their paddle from the bungies or remove and store the paddle float?...With Sea Wings, even a water-logged boat is stable enough to be paddled away, before it's fully pumped out. Sea Wings can remain in place indefinitely...Sea Wings are simply the best and easiest-to-use self-rescue device on the market today."
"The Paddlefloat is not really a rough water rescue... During trials I found the SEA WING (sponsons) very comforting. I paddled out to sea in rough, windy conditions...I was able to sit on my rear deck - not something I would normally do at sea. The rescue potential is obvious." (Derek Hutchinson, The Complete Book of Sea Kayaking, 1994, pp.104-111)
" In this book I would like to emphasize rescue techniques other than the Eskimo roll because a backup technique is mandatory...given that relatively few sea kayakers will ever roll successfully and because workable alternative techniques are too often neglected...The great advantage of the Sea Wing (sponsons) is that it leaves the paddler in a more stable position than before the capsize." (John Dowd, Sea Kayaking, 3rd edition, 1997, pp.90-95)
"So few sea kayakers are able to perform the roll...most people fall out of the boat." Kayak Touring '98 (p.48) Assisted rescues risk kayaks slamming against one another, while holding onto slippery kayaks, resulting in serious injury. The assisted rescue then leaves the rescued victim in exactly the same capsizing conditions, with no protection against another capsize, (that can be provided by sponsons).
"A capsized paddler who Eskimo rolls is still in the same conditions that capsized him or her in the first place, and with each roll he or she will take on more water, lessening the kayak's stability." Matt Broze, Deep Trouble, p.91
"I thought these were a better idea, and have turned my old paddle float bag into a camera case." (Canoe and Kayak Magazine, July 1993.)
The largest North American padding magazine: Canoe (now called Canoe and Kayak Magazine), July, 1993, p.66 stated: "Although the paddle float system has been widely promoted as the standard self-rescue device, sea kayakers should give serious consideration to the Sea Wing sponson system. The chief advantages are capsize prevention on both sides of the kayak and freeing up your paddle for other important work (like propulsion..." (p.3)
It should be understood that the $25 CO2 Airbag Sponsons require no practice or training of any kind, but just work reliably, like a life raft or any other fool-proof rescue device. The CO2 sponsons are much superior to the 1987 sponsons.
The canoe and kayak instructors are much more threatened by the CO2 airbag sponsons, that are comparable to air bags in cars, only $25 each to bolt on, in the factory in less than 1 minute. One argument used by some instructors is that canoes and kayaks must be dangerous, so people will realize that they are dangerous (and seek expensive and time-consuming instruction that does not work.)
Ontario Girl Guides Shortly Before They Died in the Water
This photo was shown at the Girl Guide Inquest, May 13, 2004 and published by Jim Fitzpatrick LTVNews.com, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. I visited this spot 9 months before the Inquest, to investigate the tragedy. The photo appears to show the Girl Guides starting out, the North Channel ahead. The destination, Gooseberry Island, is on the righthand horizon. (It is a popular camp destination, appearing much closer in reality than this photo suggests.) Easterly sunlight is falling on the happy girls.
Jim Fitzpatrick telephoned me at home after Megan Mitchell's mother asked him to phone me. Jim asked me about my contacts with Girl Guides of Canada regarding this terrible tragedy. That is another story.
The important points in this photo:
The only hope for this terrible tragedy is the chance to prevent this from ever happening again. Ontario is by far the World leader of these deaths in use hours.
Please legislate the Level Flotation Law for canoes and kayaks in Ontario. Make Ontario the World leader in Canoe and Kayak Safety.
Call this legislation the "Erica and Megan Canoe and Kayak Law". Never Forget these Girl Guides, nor forget the 200 other Canadian children since Lake Temiskaming.
These children would not want this terrible death to happen to anyone else.
"Hello, I am a mother who lost her child to hypothermia May 31/2003 and you and everyone else who thinks that canoeing is safe is crazy your telling me that a life jacket and rope is enough bull my 11 year old died because they could not get back into the canoe after capsizing in Lake Huron how can you close the door on these safety sponsons when they really work. Why should they not be on every canoe that camps or organizations take our children out in as safety feature kids that have no idea how to get back in, or even the strength to do it. I am a boater myself and as a adult in a bad situation could not get back into a everturned canoe.I am fine with adults making the decision to go out but to play god with lives is crazy when these safety devices can save lives.Now i don't agree with all the threats...he throws out there but realisticly sponsons work, unfortunately it will take the lives of many more before something is done to regulate whos going in these canoes and what safety devices should be used when it comes to children, the canoe and kayak association as well as the government knows that these water crafts are dangerous for adults never mind sending our kids out in them up antil my daughters accident i had no idea how unsafe they were and how little safety precautions are taken not enough in my opinion.I love the water and still do but do we as parents know how unsafe it is out there people must be informed about this.I dare everyone to try to get 3 people back into a canoe adults not even children and then you will know what kind of a chance a child has.Well i agree hes a crack pot but don't agree that some of the stuff he says isnt true do some cheaking of your own about all the dealths that could have been stopped by another safety device being installed whether his or maybe the government should take the time to invent something on there own. Thank-You for reading my post Shelley Mitchell"
Incidentally, Minister of Public Safety, A. Anne McLellan has publically admitted to allowing the deaths of 26 Canadians in canoes and kayaks in 2004, in her letter to me of Oct. 29/2004, after reading my warnings to her and the entire Martin cabinet, February 3, 2004. In 8 weeks, the annual Spring fatality bulge for canoes and kayaks in Canada 2005 will commence. From what she has read here, A. Anne McLellan is already guilty: i.e. by criminal negligence did cause death to Rob Fowler, Steve Mason, and 24 other Canadian citizens, to wit: did unlawfully depart from the standard of a reasonably prudent person in the circumstances of canoes and kayaks, by not providing for a means to escape the water immediately, contrary to section 220 (b), of the Criminal Code of Canada."
A. Anne McLellan has decided to wave a loaded gun at Canadian citizens, killing many, knowing that she kills about 25 a year by luring them into the water in canoes and kayaks without any means to escape. Just like the Canadian Coast Guard recommended, August 1994: If you deny people a means to get out of the water, they die.
She is Solicitor-General for the RCMP, and Deputy Prime Minister. She has sent me a letter and her office has sent to me email acknowledgements regarding this issue. She denies everything, since the trail of this murder scandal goes to the Chretien government, August, 1994, when the Search and Rescue Officer, Canadian Coast Guard, stating the obvious, was demoted She is ambitious politically, obviously; but as a former scoutmaster and YMCA canoe instructor, I can only wonder: "What kind of political monster is she?"
She doesn't want to dispute her murder record with me in court, despite numerous invitations, obviously; but eventually she will be forced to expose herself, in the face of some new canoe and kayak death scandal, an angry and berieved family, and hopefully an intelligent, and inquiring Canadian media.
She can stop this deliberate murder of Canadians. But she chooses not,
despite full knowledge:
Criminal Code 219.(1) Every one is criminally negligent who (a) in doing anything, or (b) in omitting to do anything that it is his duty to do, shows wanton or reckless disregard for the lives or safety of other persons.
She has met the test of causation for culpable homicide: "a contributing cause of death that is not trivial or insignificant." (R. v. Nette, 2001). It is plain and obvious that Minister of Public Safety, A. Anne McLellan had foreseen the death of Rob Fowler, Steve Mason, and 24 other Canadians before July 2004. She is now about to murder another 25 Canadians in 2005 with clear intent.
A. Anne McLellan can easily save these innocent Canadian citizens whom she is about to murder, instead of showing wanton and reckless disregard for the lives and safety of other persons. These victims die in pain and terror when they realize they cannot escape the deadly water, never to see their loved ones again. She can easily stop the cruel Transport Canada murder cult:
Minister, Transport Canada Lapierre.J@parl.gc.ca ,
Deputy Minister email@example.com
Director General Marine Safety: Gerard McDonald, whom I have interviewed once. By his comments and threats to me about hundreds of my emails to Transport Canada, and his sense of entitlement to destroy human life in canoe and kayaks (but having a knowledge of the Plimsoll Scandal), he revealed the typical traits of a psychopathic personality, a heartless murderer: firstname.lastname@example.org
Manager, Office of Boating Safety: Daniel Hache (interviewed on telephone as well), is a groomed psychopath, for his boss above, without any remorse whatsoever for canoe and kayak victims: "They deserved it, they take the risks." in couple to McDonalds's: "We could just lock up all canoes and kayaks.": email@example.com
These are remorseless, brutal people, acting in great contrast to lifesaving ethics at the Canadian Coast Guard or in any other civilized country in the world.
Superintendent, Boating Safety ChurchillJ@DFO-MPO.GC.CA
Superintendent, Boating Safety firstname.lastname@example.org
These above 2 people are deadly but "only follow orders"; just as Adolph Eichmann was only a clerk, who routed many thousands to extermination. They are brutal. But this is what they know. Who is the "Eichmann" at Transport Canada now? Gerard McDonald? McClellan clearly states that she is in charge. I have her letter. At least 25 Canadians die in canoes and kayaks every year without fail. These death expenses to Canada far exceed the entire value of the canoe and kayak industry in Canada, compared to, for example, Alberta beef. This is a loss industry when you consider the value of these deaths at an even minimum level, apart from human Canadian suffering. The costs to kill kids and parents, brothers and sisters, and all of the costs to raise them until death; not even factoring in human suffering, NO Canadian citizen costs, will even exonerate McLellan. This woman is apparently incapable of human understanding. Although I have tried many hundreds of times to communicate humanly to her, (with the many records to show.)
These murderous parallels to the Milgram studies and the findings of the Nuremberg trials are amazing, except perhaps to an historian used to patterns in human societies. The Nazi "cold water experiments", performed on both Jewish and also many non-Jewish prisoners included the cruel, torture aspects that are part of our Canadian deaths now! But these cold water tortures determined for the Luftwaffe that the valuable pilots in the "Battle of Britain" needed to get out of the water fast (life raft). After this, no other cold water tortures were performed. Consider this matter at Transport Canada, continuing to murder victims as above! Contrast these ethics with Transport Canada; TC appears to want to murder as many citizens as cruelly as possible, forever. There are sick, political cover-up issues here. We have 350 dead Canadians in canoes and kayaks since 1994 (and 1000 Americans).
These murderers have deliberately destroyed the Canadian Coast Guard Search and Rescue Airbag (Sponson) Study, August 1994, Victoria, B.C. The Canadian Red Cross has documented 350 canoe and kayak deaths since then. More than the Air India bombing. This is the highest death rate in the history of human lifesaving. Canadian canoeing and kayaking is a small industry, operating only in the warmest months of the year; but producing a death rate that is consistently 3 times the US canoe and kayak death rate, where they are paddled year round in southern States. A death rate this high, over 100 times the most dangerous car in use hours, is only possible through deliberate criminal intent.
These people above are deadly but "only follow orders" within their group; just as Adolph Eichmann was only a clerk, who routed many thousands to extermination. They are brutal. But they may be very kind and considerate to their own children and families. This baffled the prosecutors at Nuremberg. How could sadistic killers understand the emotional needs of their own families, yet sadistically torture other innocent victims.
I have mentioned previously the macho and totally deceitful canoe instruction sold for decades by Kirk Wipper (affilliated with the Canadian Canoe Museum and the CRCA, ORCA programs.) I have mentioned that he believed in the most difficult canoe rescues (like canoe-over-canoe) bred "character" in people; but my YMCA camp believed in the most reliable and safest canoe instruction. Twenty years later this wisdom was echoed: "The famous Canadian canoeist Bill Mason reversed his traditional rescue ideas after this tragedy, stating that these rescues simply cannot work, in his last book: "canoe over canoe...I have since changed my mind..." (Song of the Paddle,1988, p.126). A conclusion C.E.S. Franks reached before Temiskaming, in The Canoe and White Water, University of Toronto Press, 1977, p.123: "...nearly useless...On a stormy lake where upsets are likely to occur, the water is often too rough and choppy."
Canadian Search and Rescue Officers know about $25 CO2 canoe and kayak airbags; since Transport Canada has required CO2 airbags for helicopters over water for decades!
"722.20 Aircraft Operating Over Water
(1) The standards for authorization to operate a helicopter configured
as a land aircraft over water are: (a) the helicopter is equipped with
an approved emergency flotation kit and operated in accordance with the
Emergency Flotation Kit Flight Manual Supplement; (b) when enroute over
water, the helicopter is operated at an altitude that will provide adequate
time for full inflation of the flotation devices prior to water contact
in event of an engine failure;"
231 Gordon Drive
Penetanguishene, Ontario L9M 1Y2
Contact Tim Ingram (email@example.com)
Georgian Bay Kayak Ltd.
231 Gordon Drive
Canada, L9M 1Y2
Page last updated February 27, 2006
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